The states quickly ratified 10 of the amendments; the ten known today as the Bill of Rights. In the absence of the Federalist Party, the Democratic-Republican Party stood unchallenged. In spite of the diversity that characterized the Antifederalist opposition, they did share a core view of American politics. When it came to national politics, they favored strong state governments, a weak central government, the direct election of government officials, short term limits for officeholders, accountability by officeholders to popular majorities, and the strengthening of individual liberties.

George Mason, a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention who refused to support the Constitution, explained, the plan was "totally subversive of every principle which has hitherto governed us. What Is a Constitutionally Limited Government? Closely akin to people who advocate the more modern political concept of “states’ rights,” many of the Anti-Federalists feared that the strong central government created by the Constitution would threaten the independence of the states. Not all Americans liked the new U.S. Constitution offered to them in 1787. In Rhode Island, opposition to the Constitution almost reached the point of violence when more than 1,000 armed Anti-Federalists marched on Providence. By way of these speeches and articles, Anti-Federalists brought to light issues of: The Anti-Federalists failed to prevent the adoption of the Constitution, but their efforts were not entirely in vain. The Federalist Party: America's First Political Party,, Meanwhile, the proposed lower house of the legislature would have so few members that only elites were likely to be elected.

84, argued vigorously argued against its passage, the Anti-Federalists prevailed in the end. The Anti-Federalists included small farmers and landowners, shopkeepers, and laborers.

The Anti-Federalists were a group of Americans who objected to the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and opposed final ratification of the U.S. Constitution as approved by the Constitutional Convention in 1787. They believed that the greatest threat to the future of the United States lay in the government's potential to become corrupt and seize more and more power until its tyrannical rule completely dominated the people.

The Anti-Administration Party would soon become the Democratic-Republican Party, with Jefferson and Madison going on to be elected the third and fourth Presidents of the United States. The anti-Federalists were chiefly concerned with too much power invested in the national government at the expense of states. The Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the 1787 U.S. Constitution because they feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties, given the absence of a bill of rights.

Storing, Herbert J. Anti-Federalists in Pennsylvania were frustrated by the rapid ratification engineered by the Federalist forces in that state, which was the second to do so. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? Second is republicanism, or government based on the consent of the governed.

What the Anti-Federalists Were For: The Political Thought of the Opponents of the Constitution.

The Constitution, drafted at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, needed to be ratified by nine or more state conventions (and by all states that wanted to take part in the new government).

The Antifederalists and Federalists agreed on one thing: the future of the nation was at stake in the contest over the Constitution. Today, the underlying beliefs of the Anti-Federalists can be seen in the strong mistrust of a strong centralized government expressed by many Americans. The states ratified ten of these, which took effect in 1791 and are known today collectively as the Bill of Rights.

The Antifederalists were a diverse coalition of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution. Ketcham, Ralph L., ed. Initially, the political philosophy of federalism itself. Led by Patrick Henry of Virginia – an influential colonial advocate for American independence from England – the Anti-Federalists feared, among other things, that the powers granted to the federal government by the Constitution could enable the President of the United States to function as a king, turning the government into a monarchy.

The most powerful objection raised by the Antifederalists, however, hinged on the lack of protection for individual liberties in the Constitution. Best known of these articles were the Federalist Papers, written variously by John Jay, James Madison and/or Alexander Hamilton, both explained and supported the new Constitution; and the Anti-Federalist Papers, published under several pseudonyms such as “Brutus” (Robert Yates), and “Federal Farmer” (Richard Henry Lee), opposed the Constitution. In fact, the Democratic-Republican Party proved to be more dominant due to the effective alliance it forged between the Southern agrarians and Northern city dwellers. Copyright ©2008-2020, owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942. the excessive power of the national government at the expense of the state government; the disguised monarchic powers of the president; apprehensions about a federal court system; fears that Congress might seize too many powers under the necessary and proper clause; concerns that republican government could not work in a land the size of the United States; and their most successful argument against the adoption of the Constitution — the lack of a bill of rights to protect individual liberties.

The arguments of the Anti-Federalists had more impact in some states than in others. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Federalists vs Anti-Federalists . University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for the Study of the American Constitution. The independent writings and speeches have come to be known collectively as The Anti-Federalist Papers, to distinguish them from the series of articles known as The Federalist Papers, written in support of the new constitution by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym Publius.

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