official languages of vietnam

Languages Spoken in Vietnam

(Last Updated On: March 21, 2022)

Although Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam, many languages are spoken throughout the country. Three major languages are spoken in Vietnam. These are the most popular. Learn how to pronounce and recognize the most common Vietnamese words. Here are some examples of Vietnamese words that are commonly used. Continue reading to find out more. Please continue reading to find out more about the country’s history and its culture. Indonesian uses the Latin script, making it one of the easiest Asian languages for foreigners to learn. A tone split occurred at some point, as in many another mainland Southeast Asian languages.


Vietnamese is a significant language with a rich past. Many people speak German, Russian, Czech, Polish, Czech, and Chinese. Many people also speak French and Chinese and the main languages. These languages are less popular in recent years. French and Chinese were taught in schools in the past. A legacy of colonial rule, French is spoken by a significant Vietnamese section as a second language. Nowadays, English is more widely spoken in Vietnam than ever before, and many schools offer English classes. Increased travel between the Northern and Southern regions of Vietnam has led to a mixing of accents in the twentieth century, becoming more pronounced as the country’s dialects continue to evolve.

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languages in vietnam


After North Vietnam won the Vietnam War in 1975, the country was unified under communist rule. Vietnamese is a mixed-language language heavily influenced by English, French, and Chinese. It is most common among the elderly and those educated in former South Vietnam.

It was the primary language of administration, education, and commerce; Vietnam is still a full member of the Francophonie, and education has reignited some interest in the language. The French word “dam” derives its name from “madame,” while “ga,” which is a shorter version of the English word, is the word that is shortened. There are three major dialects, each with a different sound, structure, and vocabulary. Today, it’s estimated that around 50-70% of the Vietnamese language originates from Chinese. The most diverse dialect, the Central, is divided into three regions: northern, central, or southern.

Official Language

Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam and has more than 90 million speakers. The Vietnamese language is also spoken as the second language by Vietnamese ethnic minorities. While most people speak English, French and Chinese are widely spoken by many. Other minor languages include Muong and Cham, as well as Khmer. However, some tribes speak their native language. It is, in general speaking, the country’s national language. Phuc and Xayu are other names for the Vietnamese people. Thai, French, and Chinese are some of the most spoken languages in Vietnam.

Vietnamese Mixture of English and French

About 75 million Vietnamese people speak the language. It is part of the Austro–Asiatic language group. There are three distinct dialects. Although the Vietnamese language is similar to English and Chinese, there are many linguistic differences. Although it is not easy to pronounce certain words, many people use the Latin alphabet for speaking. Vietnamese is also written in the Latin alphabet. The Vietnamese dialects are Hmong Do and Hmong Don, but while many dialects exist, they’re said to be largely intelligible. Vietnam is a full member of the Francophonie, and French served as the principal language of the country.

Vietnamese is a mixture of English and French. It is a Romance language, and there are many dialects. There are some tribes of indigenous Vietnamese that speak languages from the United States and Europe. It is worth learning Vietnamese to know the most common languages spoken in Vietnam. They say their dialects. Some of these people can also speak French or English words. Along with the coastal areas, regional variation has been neutralized to a certain extent, while more mountainous regions preserve more variation.

Chinese Characters

Modified Chinese characters are used to write the Vietnamese language. Although it’s similar to Mandarin Chinese, it is more difficult to understand and read. The Vietnamese language is widely spoken in America, Canada, and Southeast Asia. Vietnam’s official language is Vietnamese. However, dialects from China and Cambodia are also spoken. Except for differences in alphabets, the wording of Vietnam’s three significant countries is identical.

Proto-Vietnamese is the language derived from the Vietnamese language. It is the language spoken by the majority of Vietnam’s population. There are many slang terms in the Vietnamese language. Vai is one of the most common slang terms in Vietnam. It can be used to denote a female pagoda-goer or a spilled drink. The Vietnamese alphabet is based on Latin letters and modified to indicate non-Latin phonetic elements. Archaic Vietnamese and everything that comes after it relies on Chinese and Chinese vocabulary and grammar rules. While the Chinese influence on the Vietnamese is significant, there are also still minority groups of Chinese present in Vietnam.

Vietnamese is an Indo-European language. English and French are the most commonly used second languages. It is difficult to tell which dialect is the Vietnamese one. The Northern dialect forms the basis of the standard language and is the prestige dialect. The southern dialects of Vietnam combine ch with tr. Learn how to translate Chinese characters?

In the same way, southern dialects often combine ch and tr. It can be challenging to tell the difference between two dialects when these words are combined. The French colonial administration sought to eliminate Chinese writing, Confucianism, and other Chinese influences from Vietnam.

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vietnam history


The Cham people, a minority group in Vietnam, speak the Cham language, belonging to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.

Vietnamese was primarily influenced by the Chinese, which came to predominate politically in the 2nd century BC. Several hundred monumental inscriptions found in Cambodia, southern Vietnam, and parts of Thailand, dating from the 7th Century to the 15th Century, attest to the language’s widespread use and prestige. Since the early 18th Century, the region has been part of Vietnam; however, even though the Khmer community in the area has kept their language, Vietnamese has strongly influenced it. The country’s ties with and opposition to America in the mid-20th Century were perhaps its first foot in the door.

Official Languages Of Vietnam

Vietnamese is both the national and the official language of Vietnam. The majority of the population of the country speaks this language. The languages spoken in Vietnam About 86% of Vietnam’s population are native speakers of Vietnamese speakers.

However, there are several minority languages spoken in Vietnam. The following are examples of minority language: A student of Khmer descent studies Kinh. Tày Mng Cham Tày Mng Cham Tày Mng Cham Tày Chinese Nùng H’Mông Khmer, The Montagnards of Vietnam’s Central Highlands, speak a variety of languages. In recent years, several sign languages have emerged in major cities.

In other words – foreign languages have always been important in Vietnam, but today they may be more critical than ever. Vietnamese is an Austroasiatic language that has its origin in northern Vietnam. Originally, Vietnamese was written using a modified set of Chinese characters, but later the natives of Vietnam developed their script known as Chữ nôm. The language is spoken in Vietnam and in other parts of the world where the Vietnamese population has emigrated.

Vietnamese Characters

The government is inhabited by about 90.5 million inhabitants and is Asia’s 8th most populous country. The French language is also relatively common in Vietnam, mainly among the older generation. In the seventeenth century, the Latin script was then introduced to their country by Portuguese Catholic missionaries, who wanted to Romanize the Vietnamese language to help spread Christianity. These movements have also resulted in some blending of dialects, but more significantly, have made the Northern dialect more easily understood in the South and vice versa.

After Vietnam achieved independence in the 10th Century, the ruling class adopted Classical Chinese as the traditional medium of government, scholarship, and literature. Archaic Vietnamese, the state of the language upon adoption of the Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary and the beginning of the creation of the Vietnamese characters during the Ngô Dynasty, c. 10th century AD.

Austro-Asiatic Language

The Vietnamese language is known to have been influenced by several other languages throughout history, namely Chinese, Thai, and Khmer. This diversity in influences makes it challenging to trace back the real roots of the Vietnamese language, but generally, it’s considered to be an Austronesian language. The Austro-Asiatic language family is sometimes referred to as Mon-Khmer languages. The Chamic languages are also classified as the West Indonesian language.

Like Vietnamese, Muong uses tones, but where Vietnamese has six techniques, some dialects of Muong only use 5. While the dialects aren’t characterized as separate languages, they are pretty different and not always mutually intelligible.


Sound System

Vietnamese is a tonal language with a large number of vowels. There are no consonant clusters. The syllable structure is generally Consonant-Vowel-Consonant with no consonant clusters. There is a good deal of variation in the sound system across different dialects. The description of the sound system below is based on the Hanoi dialect, which is considered the standard. There are three major dialects spoken within Vietnam: Hanoi (Northern Vietnamese) dialect, Hue (Central Vietnamese) dialect, and Saigon (Southern Vietnamese) dialect. It reflects the pronunciation of the Vietnamese of Hanoi at that time; a stage commonly termed Middle Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt Trung đại ).

Nùng Nùng is a Tai–Kadai language spoken mainly in Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces in Vietnam. The Hmong language is a part of the Hmong-Mien family of languages spoken in southern China, Laos, Thailand, and Northern Vietnam. Chữ Nôm From around the 13th Century, Vietnamese scholars used their knowledge of the Chinese script to develop the chữ Nôm (‘Southern characters’) script to record folk literature in Vietnamese.


Vietnamese is a vowel-rich language with 11 simple vowels and various diphthongs and triphthongs. The correspondence between pronunciation and writing is quite complicated as far as vowels are concerned. The same letter can represent either two different monophthongs, or both a monophthong and a diphthong, or different letters can represent the same monophthong. The alphabet above was developed in the 17th Century by the Jesuit priest Alexandre de Rhodes and several other Catholic missionaries to translate the scriptures.

Vietnamese Writing Systems

The first two lines of the classic Vietnamese epic poem The Tale of Kieu, written in the Nôm script and the modern Vietnamese writing system. This romanized script became predominant over the early 20th Century when education became widespread. A more straightforward writing system was more suitable for teaching and communication with the general population. Quốc-ngữ: The modern writing system in Vietnam. Bright (Eds.), The world’s writing systems, (pp. 691–699)

languages spoken vietnam


How many languages are spoken in Vietnam?

While Vietnamese is the country’s exclusive official and national language, there are 110 officially recognized dialects and languages spoken in Vietnam, preserving the country’s vast linguistic diversity.

Is French still spoken in Vietnam?

After 1954, the French in North Vietnam fell out of favor, but they retained a high status in South Vietnam. Since the fall of Saigon in 1975, French has plummeted in modern Vietnam, with only 1% of the population fluent in the language in 2018.

Is Vietnam English-friendly?

Regardless of language barriers, Vietnamese people are always friendly and helpful and will do whatever they can to assist. They enjoy interacting with foreign visitors, and the children, in particular, enjoy practicing their basic English with tourists whenever possible.

What is the religion of Vietnam?

Vietnam was conventionally considered to be a Buddhist country.

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